中国最大的岛屿

编者:物理学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-15 18:29 最签:最大 浏览:

台湾岛是中国的第一大岛,位于祖国东南沿海的大陆架上,西依台湾海峡(属于东海),距福建省海岸75220海里;东濒太平 洋;东北与日本琉球群岛为邻,距冲绳岛约 335海里;南隔巴士海

  台湾岛是中国的第一大岛,位于祖国东南沿海的大陆架上,西依台湾海峡(属于东海),距福建省海岸75—220海里;东濒太平 洋;东北与日本琉球群岛为邻,距冲绳岛约 335海里;南隔巴士海峡与菲律宾相望,距吕宋岛约195海里。扼西太平洋航道的中心,是中国与太平洋地区各国海上联系的重要交通枢纽。Taiwan island is the largest island in Chinese, continental shelf located in thesoutheast coast of Taiwan Strait, West (belongs to the East China Sea), from Fujian province coast 75 - 220 nm; East Pacific; Northeast China and adjacent to the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, about 335 nautical miles away from Okinawa island;south across the Bashi Channel and across the Philippines, from the island of Luzon about 195 nautical miles. Outlined in the Western Pacific waterway center,is an important transportation hub Chinese and Pacific countries sea links.

  台湾岛岛形狭长,约394千米;最宽处在 北回归线附近,约144千米。面积3. 58万平方千米,占全省面积逾99%,为台湾省主岛,在世界大岛中列第38位,人口约2 305万 (2009年6月数据)。 其地貌复杂,处于太平洋火山地震带上,又有喀斯特地貌与海蚀地貌,故多山水胜境、 火山群与温泉群。西海岸沙滩平缓,多海水浴场,而东海岸断崖陡峭,奇石怪岩。森林茂密,动植物资源丰富,更有“蝴蝶王国”之称,清代即有“八景十二胜”之说。Taiwan island shaped narrow, about 394 kilometers; the most wide at the near the Tropic of cancer, about 144 kilometers. Area of 35800 square kilometers,accounting for the province's area of more than 99%, for the Taiwan Province,the main island, the thirty-eighth place in the world add a column, a population of about 23050000 (2009 June data). The landform is complex, in the Pacificvolcanic seismic belt, and the Karst landforms and abrasion geomorphy,therefore many landscape Shengjing, volcanoes and hot springs. The West Coast Beach flat, more than the beach, while the east coast of the cliff steep,strange rocks rocks. Dense forest, rich in animal and plant resources, more a "butterfly kingdom", the Qing Dynasty that is "eight twelve wins," said.

 

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