现存最早的典志体史书《通典》_人文世界之最

编者:人文学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-05 14:06 最签:最早 浏览:

现存最早的典志体史书 中国现存最早的典志体史书是唐代史学家杜佑(735-812)编撰的《通典》。此书在大元元年(766)开始编撰,于贞元十七年(801)完成,历 时35年。记事起上古,终唐朝天宝

  现存最早的典志体史书

  中国现存最早的典志体史书是唐代史学家杜佑(735-812)编撰的《通典》。此书在大元元年(766)开始编撰,于贞元十七年(801)完成,历

  时35年。记事起上古,终唐朝天宝未年·附注间及肃、代两朝。全书200卷,分9门(即食货典、选举典、官职典、札典、乐典、兵典,刑典、州郡典、边防典),每门下系子目,有1500余事条。采引典籍不下200余种。每一门类前面有总论,叙事中寓论断,间作小注,补订材料,所记历代制度源源演变,翔实可证,具有极高的参考价值。

  典志体虽然不是杜佑创造的(创始者乃唐代刘秩,其著《政典》是最早的典志体史书),但在编撰方法上,即把分见于编年和纪传等体裁形式下

  的史料,尤其是关于典章制度、社会经济发展等方面的材料,在以类相从的新形式下重新予以适当组织,使其断代史志变为通史史志,使人易得到

  完整而有系统的概念的作法,却是杜佑创立的。后来出现的许多典志体史籍,在编撰方法上几乎都“《通典》为榜样的。从这一形式上讲,《通典》为史籍编纂开辟了新的体裁。

  《通典》与郑樵《通志》、马端临《文献湎考》合称“三通”,再加上后来的《续通典》、《续通志》、《文献通考*、《续文献通考》、《清通志》、《清文献通考》、《清续文献通考》台称《十通》,是研究中国古代历史的必备工具书。

  Dian Zhi history the earliest extant

  Dian Zhi history Chinese extant most early Tang Dynasty historian Du You (735-812)compilation "Tongdian". The book in the first year (766) began the compilationDayuan, in Zhenyuan seventeen years (801) completed, calendar

  35 years. Remember the ancient Tang Dynasty Tianbao years, eventually did notnote and between Su, generation of two dynasties. The book of 200 volumes, 9 door(instant goods code, code, the election office code, code, Le Code Zagreb, Bing Dian,penal code, code of gun code, border), each under the door sub department, there are more than 1500 affairs. Mining cited more than 200 kinds of books. There isgeneral in front of each category, narrative Yu judgment, intercropping notes, writtenhistory supplement materials, the stream of system evolution, informative permit, has a very high reference value.

  Dian Zhi body though not created by Du You (founder of the Tang Dynasty is Liu Zhi,the "government code" is the earliest Dian Zhi Ti Shishu), but in the compiling method,that is found in the annals and magazine and other genres into form

  Historical data, especially on the institutions, social and economic development and other materials, re appropriate organizations in according to the new form, thedynastic chronicles into history records, make people easy to get

  The concept of complete and systematic approach, was founded by Du You. ManyDian Zhi body later appeared in historical records, compiling methods almost all "" Tongdian "for example. From the form of speaking, "Tongdian" opened up a new genre of historical compilation.

  "Tongdian" and Zheng Qiao "Tongzhi", "literature to work out the horse Duanlin test"referred to as the "three way", plus the later "continued Tong Dian", "continuedannals", "book of general *," continued literature tongkao "," Qing Tongzhi "," Qingliterature tongkao "," Qing continued literature general "platform called" ten way ", is the study of Chinese ancient history tool book.

(责任编辑:最有料)
顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%
现存最古老的国家档案馆_人文世界之最 现存最古老的国家档案馆_人文世界之最 世界上规模最大的中国鼓合奏_人文世界之最 世界上规模最大的中国鼓合奏_人文世界之最 世界上最长的木制雕塑_人文世界之最 世界上最长的木制雕塑_人文世界之最 中国十大禁止电影 中国十大禁片_人文世界之最 中国十大禁止电影 中国十大禁片_人文世界之最

@2013-2014 版权所有-最有料

辽ICP备14005232号-2

微信公众号

关注我们

腾讯微博 新浪微博 QQ空间

粉丝QQ群: