最早文化溯源_人文世界之最

编者:人文学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-05 14:07 最签:最早 浏览:

“文化”溯源 “文化”一词的最早出处是汉朝刘向所著的《说苑》一书。 《说苑》原20卷,后仅存5卷,经末代曾巩拽辑,复为20卷。内分君遭、臣术、建本、立节等20门,分类纂辑先秦

  “文化”溯源

  “文化”一词的最早出处是汉朝刘向所著的《说苑》一书。

  《说苑》原20卷,后仅存5卷,经末代曾巩拽辑,复为20卷。内分君遭、臣术、建本、立节等20门,分类纂辑先秦至汉代史事,杂以议论,借以阐明儒家的政治思想和伦理观念。“文化”出于此书的《指武》篇中:“凡武之兴,为不服也,文化不改,然后加诛。”这里说的“文化”,指文治和教化。今指人类社会历史发展过程中所创造的全部物质财富和精神财富,也特指社会意识形态。

  “文明”溯源

  “文明”一词最早见于儒家经典著作《周易》一书。

  《易·乾·文言》:“见龙在田,天下文明。”孔颖达疏:“天下文明者,阳气在田,始生万物,故天下有文章而光明也。”原意是指光明,有文采。现犹言“文化”,指人类社会进步状态,与“野蛮”相对。

  "Culture" traceability

  "The first source culture" the word is the Han Dynasty Liu Xiang's "Shuoyuan" a book.

  "Yuan said" the original 20 volume, after the remaining 5 volumes, the last of Zeng Gong Ye Ji, complex 20 volumes. Within the sub Jun, Chen, the operation was built,legislative Festival 20, classification differs from pre Qin to Han Dynasty historical events, mixed with the discussion, in order to clarify the political thoughts and the ideas of Confucian ethics. "Culture" for the book "refers to the Wu" article: "where WuZhixing, to refuse to also, culture does not change, then increase to punish." Say here "culture" refers to the sandwiches and enlightenment. This refers to all the materialcreated by the process of the development of human society in history and spiritual wealth, but also to social ideology.

  "Civilization" origin

  The word "culture" was first seen in "Zhouyi" classics of Confucianism in a book.

  "Easy, dry, classical Chinese": "see dragon in the field of world civilization." Kong Yingda Shu: "the world civilization, Yang in the field, born of all things, so the worldhas articles and light." Originally refers to the light, elegant. Now the words "culture"refers to the state of social progress of mankind, and "barbaric" relative.

  双语对照

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