第一部科学家史略专著The first Department of monographs scientists
中国的第一部科学家列传是清代 官至大学士的阮元(1761—1849)主 编的《畴人传》中国古代科技匠艺多 世代相传，故称这些人为“畴人’ 书 因以名。《畴人传》动笔于乾隆六十年 (l795),完成干嘉庆四年(1799)。是 由当时—些精于天文律历的学者如李 锐、周治平、钱大昕、凌廷堪、谈治 泰、焦循等人协助编定的。取材多本 于诸史天文、律历、文技、艺术等志 传和从四库全书中所收的天文历箅等 著作.全书共46卷，前42卷起自太 古，止于清代嘉庆年间，记有羲和、常 仪、江永、戴簏等243人，后4卷附 记了对中国有影响的西洋科学家37 人。书按朝代顺序，每传均叙传主姓 名、爵号、生死、事迹、科学成就及 著怍，并注明材料的来源。
China first scientist biography is the Qing Dynasty official to scholar Ruan (1761 - 1849) the main series of "Chou Ren Zhuan" Chinese Science in ancient craftsmanshipmultiple generations, so that these people "domain people 'book because in the name. "Domain from" writing in sixty years of Qianlong (l795), complete dry Jiaqing four years (1799). By that time some good at astronomy calendar law scholar Ru LiRui, Steve Chow, Qian Daxin, Ling Tingkan, talk about treatment of Thailand, JIAO Xun et al. Assist programmed. Several works based on all Shi Tianwen, law,technology, art and so on the calendar of Chi Chuan and collected from the Si Ku Quan Shu in the astronomical calendar grate. The book of 46 volumes, 42 roll beforeself too ancient, check in Qing Dynasty Jiaqing years, remember there are Xihe, ofteninstrument, Jiangyong, wearing a basket and so on 243 people, after the the 4 volumeof mind have an impact on Chinese American scientists 37. Book by the dynastic sequence, each pass are his name, Syrian Jazz number, birth and death, deeds,scientific achievements and modesty and indicate the sources of materials.
阮书初刊于嘉庆四年.其后，先后有罗士琳(1785—1853)、诸可宝 (1845-1903).黄钟骏等人相继进行 续编，又出了《续畴人传》、《畴人传 三编》和《畴人传四编>，把科技人物 传略继补到光绪二十年左右。基本上 包括了中国古代科学家的事略。
At the beginning of Ruan book published in Jiaqing four years. Subsequently, there has been Luo Shilin (1785 - 1853), Zhu Kebao (1845-1903) Huang Zhongjun et alhave been carried out, and a sequel, "continued Chou Ren Zhuan", "Chou people pass three series" and "Chou people pass four series >, the technology to fill a biographical following Guangxu twenty years. Basically includes scientists in ancient China 's.
商务印务馆编的《国学基本丛 书》中，阮、罗、诸三书合为一编出 版，仍称《畴人传h中华人民共和国 成立后又将其重版,黄书亦收在内，这 就是现在通行的本子。
Commercial Printing Museum Series "Chinese culture basic plexus book", the Ruan,Luo and the three in one compiled version, still called the "domain people pass the hof the people's Republic of China was founded and then reissued, Huang Shuyi, this is now a popular edition.(责任编辑：最有料)