世界最早的自鸣钟-上浑仪自鸣钟_工业世界之最

编者:化学学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-06 21:41 最签:最早 浏览:

“上浑仪“自鸣钟,宋代太平兴国年间(1976 — 933年〉,四川人张恩训创制。其钟结构庞大,“表壳”有数层楼阁那样高, 内装七个木偶,十二尊神像和各式凡敁,神像各执一面时辰牌,

  “上浑仪“自鸣钟,宋代太平兴国年间(1976 — 933年〉,四川人张恩训创制。其钟结构庞大,“表壳”有数层楼阁那样高, 内装七个木偶,十二尊神像和各式凡敁,神像各执一面时辰牌, 随着机械转动,诸牌按时而出,钟鼓自动鸣响。此钟距今已1000 年以上,是世界最早的自鸣钟。

  原文如下:

  北宋时的一种计时器。 宋 袁褧 《枫窗小牍》卷上:“ 太平兴国 中, 蜀 人 张思训 制上浑仪,其制与旧仪不同,最为巧捷。起为楼阁数层,高丈馀。以木偶为七直人,以直七政,自能撞钟击鼓。又为十二神,各直一时,至其时,即自执辰牌,循环而出。余大父 赞善公 ,尝入 文明殿 漏室中见之。”

  郭守敬(1231-1316),中国元朝的天文学家、数学家、水利专家和仪器制造专家。

  大明殿灯漏是郭守敬创制的以漏壶流水为动力的大型水利自鸣钟,是当时世界上第一台大型水利自鸣钟,它比西洋钟的出现早了400多年。灯漏分为附件和主体两部分,上部是附件,弓形的曲梁上有三颗云珠,中间是地球、左边是太阳、右边是月亮。曲梁的两边装有龙首,龙首可以使转木保持平稳。中梁上有两条腾龙和一颗云珠,龙珠的俯仰起卧可以调节漏壶流水速度的快慢,以适应四季昼夜交替的变化。

根据莲花漏图郭守敬发明了自鸣钟

  根据莲花漏图郭守敬发明了自鸣钟

  "Ben," song of peace and rejuvenating the years (1976 - 933 years', Sichuanpeople of Zhang Enxun's creation. The clock structure is huge, "case" has several layers of the pavilion so high, in which seven puppets, twelve statues andall kinds of all gods and effective, each hold a hour card, along with themechanical rotation, the board from time to time, automatic ringing bells and drums. The clock has been since 1000, is the world's earliest clock.

  The original text are as follows:

  A timer in the Northern Song dynasty. Song Yuan Jiong "Maple window small slips" volume: "Taiping Xingguo, Shu people Zhang Sixun system on the armillary sphere, the system and the old instrument is different, most Qiao jie. For the pavilion several layers, high Zhangyu. With puppets for seven straight to straight,Qi Zheng, the self energy of bell drum. And for the Twelve Gods, each straighttemporarily, to at that time, namely with Chen brand, circulating out. Yu Dafu Chan Shan Gong, taste into civilization house leakage chamber see."

  Guo Shoujing (1231-1316) of the Yuan Dynasty, the Chinese astronomer and mathematician, water conservancy experts and equipment manufacturing experts.

  Daming Temple light leakage is created by Guo Shoujing in running water forlarge water clock power clepsydra, was the world's first large-scale water conservancy Ben, it more than the Western clock appeared as early as 400years. The light leakage is divided into two parts accessories and main body, the upper part is appendix, three star cloud bead arcuate curved beam, the middle isthe earth, the sun, the moon is on the left and on the right is the. On both sides of the curved beam is provided with a dragon head, dragon head can make theturn wood remained stable. In beam with two dragon and a cloud dragon pearl,pitch straight from the can adjust the clepsydra flow speed, in order to adapt to the change of seasons the alternation of day and night.

  According to Lotus leakage figure Guo Shoujing invented the clock

  According to Lotus leakage figure Guo Shoujing invented the clock

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