中国是世界能耗最高的大国_工业世界之最

编者:化学学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-07 21:00 最签:最高 浏览:

中国是世界能耗最高的大国 由于设备、管理等较落后,中国单位产值能耗甚高。据设在华盛顿的世界资源研究所和设在伦敦的国际环境和发展研究所1988 年11月20日在《世界资源:1988—

  中国是世界能耗最高的大国Chinese is the supreme power in the world energy consumption

  由于设备、管理等较落后,中国单位产值能耗甚高。据设在华盛顿的世界资源研究所和设在伦敦的国际环境和发展研究所1988 年11月20日在《世界资源:1988—1989》报告,中国每生产一 美元国民生产总值,要消耗能源43394千焦耳。此为法国8719千焦耳)的4.97倍,日本(9797千焦耳)的4.43倍,是当今世界十多个经济大国中能耗最高的大国。Because the equipment, management is backward, China energy consumption per unit of output is very high. According to the World Resources Institute in Washington and London international environment and Development Institute in November 20, 1988 in the "World Resources: 1988 - 1989" report, China for each dollar of GDP, energy consumption to 43394000 joule. This is the French8719000 joules) 4.97 times, Japan (9797000 joules) 4.43 times, is the highestpower consumption more than 10 economic superpower in the world today.

  而且这种情况愈演愈烈,中国能源研究会最新公布的数据显示,2010年我国一次能源消费量为32.5亿吨标准煤,同比增长6%,已成为全球第一能源消费大国。该机构预测,2011年我国能源需求将继续增长,能源需求的进一步增长将推动能源价格普遍上涨。业内专家对此表示,面对资源和环境的挑战,中国必须坚持节能减排优先的原则,加强对节能服务企业的扶持,加快对高耗能、高耗材、高排放、低效能产业的技术改造。And this situation is intensified, Chinese Energy Research Association released the latest data show, in 2010 China's primary energy consumption was 32.5 tons of standard coal, a year-on-year growth of 6%, has become the world's top energy consumer. The agency forecast, China's energy demand in 2011 will continue to increase, further growth in energy demand will promote the general rise in energy prices. Industry experts said, in the face of resource and environmental challenges, China must adhere to the principle of giving priority toenergy saving and emission reduction, strengthen the energy conservation service support enterprises, accelerate the technological transformation of high energy consumption, high emission, high consumables, inefficient industry.

  英国石油公司(BP)发布了第60份《世界能源统计2011》。与2009年全球一次能源消费下降1.1%相比,2010年全球能源消费出现强劲反弹,增长幅度达到5.6%。增速创下1973年石油危机以来的最高水平,所有类型能源和所有地区均出现强劲增长。The oil company British Petroleum (BP) issued sixtieth "2011" world energy statistics. Compared with the 2009 global primary energy consumption decreased by 1.1%, global energy consumption in 2010 a strong rebound, the growth rate reached 5.6%. The growth rate reached the highest level since the 1973 oilcrisis, all types of energy and all regions have strong growth.

  报告中提到,中国已超过美国成为世界能源消费的第一大国,引起业内争论。The report said China has surpassed the United States to become the world's largest energy consumer, caused the controversy.

  2011年6月,原本计划在北京召开的发布会由于技术原因推迟了。据说原因是主办方与一些中国同行在“第一”的问题上没有达成一致。在此次BP统计的数据中,中国的能源消费量占全球的20.3%,超过了美国19%的比重,成为世界上最大的能源消费国。In 2011 June, the original plan in Beijing held a conference was postponed because of technical reasons. It is said that the reason is the organizer and some Chinese counterparts did not agree on a "first" problem. In the BP statistical data,China's energy consumption accounted for 20.3% of the world, more than the United States the proportion of 19%, becoming the world's largest energy consumer.

  中国究竟是不是世界第一能源消费国?这个争论其实早就有过了。2010年年中,国际能源署首席经济学家Fatih Birol曾对外透露中美2009年能源消费的“预测数据”。中国凭借当年消费22.65亿吨标准油,超过美国的21.7亿吨标准油成为全球第一大能源国。此结论引发我国的反驳,称2009年中国能源消费总量为21.46亿吨标准油,少于美国能源信息署网站公布的美国当年能源消费总量23.82亿吨标准油。但国际能源署在2010年年底发布的《世界能源展望》中,依然保留了上述数字。China is the world's largest energy consumer? The dispute has long been of the.In the middle of 2010, the forecast data chief economist of the International Energy Agency Fatih Birol has disclosed the "Sino US energy consumption in 2009". China by virtue of that year 22.65 tons of standard oil consumption, oil 21.7 tons of standard than the United States to become the world's first large energy of china. This conclusion caused China to refute, said in 2009 China's total energy consumption was 21.46 tons of standard oil, less than the US Energy Information Administration published on the website of the United States in the total energy consumption of 23.82 tons of standard oil. But the International Energy Agency released at the end of 2010 "World Energy Outlook", still retainsthe digital.

(责任编辑:最有料)
顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%
世界最早的自敲件_工业世界之最 世界最早的自敲件_工业世界之最 世界最早的车轮船-桨轮船_工业世界之最 世界最早的车轮船-桨轮船_工业世界之最 世界最早发明漆器的国家_工业世界之最 世界最早发明漆器的国家_工业世界之最 世界最早的水力纺车_工业世界之最 世界最早的水力纺车_工业世界之最 世界最早的热气球-松脂灯_工业世界之最 世界最早的热气球-松脂灯_工业世界之最 世界最早发明传世造纸术者蔡伦_工业世界之最 世界最早发明传世造纸术者蔡伦_工业世界之最 世界最早的液压捣固机_工业世界之最 世界最早的液压捣固机_工业世界之最

@2013-2014 版权所有-最有料

辽ICP备14005232号-2

微信公众号

关注我们

腾讯微博 新浪微博 QQ空间

粉丝QQ群: