世界最早发明指南针的国家_工业世界之最

编者:化学学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-07 20:31 最签:最早 浏览:

世界最早发明指南针的国家 中国,发明指南针甚早。战国时(前475—前221年)《韩 非子.有度》篇就载:“先王立司南,以端朝夕(正四方)”, 那时人们已发明在一个无沿的方盘上,

  世界最早发明指南针的国家

  中国,发明指南针甚早。战国时(前475—前221年)《韩 非子.有度》篇就载:“先王立司南,以端朝夕(正四方)”, 那时人们已发明在一个无沿的方盘上,放置一只“滑勺”似的磁石,使勺柄指南,勺头指北的指南针了 ,当时名“司南”。至唐 《狐首经》又载:“针虽指南,本实恋北”是唐朝中期玄真子(张志和)所发明”。后还多次加以改进:《杨曾两家青囊》书中, 经改进后称为“罗盘” 宋朱或在《萍州可谈》中说,人们用人工磁铁代替磁石,或以之做成磁钢片,作成鱼状,放在水而指南,称为“指南鱼”,再后人们又将磁铁片改为细小的磁钢计, 使一端朝北,一头指南,定名为“指南针”。上述最早的距今已2400年左右,比国外(英国奈开姆,1180年始有此发明的记载) 早约1500年,此表明中国是世界最早发明指南针的国家。

世界最早发明指南针的国家

  屮国,使用指尙针甚早。1099—1102年间,宋朱或在《萍凡可谈》中已载,当时中国人航海,常使用“指南鱼”(今名指南 针〉,1123年,徐兢到朝鲜又记载说;去来朝鲜海洋中晚上不可 停留,需要注意看星斗前进,如天黑不见星斗则用“指南浮针”,

  以决定南北方向。中国使用指南针已有上千年的历史,至少比国外早70—8o年,是世界最早使指南针的国家。

  First invented the compass of the countries in the world

  China, invented the compass very early. During the Warring States period(before 475 - 221 years ago) "the Han. The degree of" article contains: "first king of compass, to end overnight (quadrangle)", when people have invented in a along the plate, a magnet placed a "slip a spoon" like, so that the spoon handleguide, a spoon head north compass, when the name "compass". To the Tang Dynasty "Fox head via" also contains: "although the needle guide, straight north"is the middle Tang Xuan Zhen (Zhang Zhihe) the invention". After manyimprovements: "Yang had two Qing Capsule" in the book, after improvement is called the "compass" or "Song Zhu in state Ping can talk" that people use artificialmagnet to replace the magnet, or by a magnetic steel sheet, as fish, put andguide in the water, known as the "guide the fish", then the people will change thesmall magnet sheet magnet, so that the end faces north, a head of guidelines,known as the "compass". The earliest dating back around 2400, than foreign (UKNaikaimu, beginning in 1180 with the invention of the early records) about 1500,this shows that China is the first country in the world to the invention of the compass.

  First invented the compass of the countries in the world

  The centralized country, using a needle charge very early. 1099 - 1102 years,Song Zhu or in the "Ping that can talk" has been set, when the Chinese sailing,often use the "guide to the fish" (this name guide needle ", 1123, Xu Jing to North Korea and records that; to North Korea in the sea at night can not stay, need to pay attention to watch the stars move forward, as the days dark stars with" guidefloat needle",

  To determine the direction of North and south. China's use of the compass for thousands of years of history, at least 70 8O years earlier than the foreign countries, is the world's first so that the compass state.

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