奇人拥有超级自传式记忆 记得11岁后每天发生的

编者:最有料 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-10 14:48 最签:奇人 浏览:

美国小提琴家路易丝欧文。 鲍勃彼得雷拉说得出匹茨堡橄榄球每场比赛的细节。 里克巴龙记得看过的每部电影细节。 如果问你1990年某段时间哪几天下雨,是否能仅凭记忆作答?美国小

  

奇人

 

  美国小提琴家路易丝·欧文。

  

奇人

 

  鲍勃·彼得雷拉说得出匹茨堡橄榄球每场比赛的细节。

  

奇人

 

  里克·巴龙记得看过的每部电影细节。

  如果问你1990年某段时间哪几天下雨,是否能仅凭记忆作答?美国小提琴家路易丝·欧文能做到。她与几名记忆力超群的嘉宾向美国哥伦比亚广播公司《60分钟》电视栏目展示好记性。

  记忆力超群

  美国加利福尼亚大学欧文分校研究记忆的专家詹姆斯·麦高在《60分钟》节目中向欧文发问:“1990年1月和2月下雨几天,你能说出是哪几天吗?”

  欧文答:“1月14日和15日小雨转多云。27日和28日那个周末很热,没有雨。”

  官方天气记录证实欧文回答正确。欧文说,她记得11岁后每一天发生的事情。

  英国《每日邮报》20日报道,麦高在美国发现20人像欧文一样记忆力超群“这些人能记住你我不可能记住的事”。他称这些人有“超级自传式记忆”。

  在《60分钟》“好记性”嘉宾中,演员玛丽卢·亨纳记得自己购买每双鞋的时间,里克·巴龙记得看过的每部电影细节,电视制作人鲍勃·彼得雷拉说得出匹茨堡钢人橄榄球队每场比赛的细节。

  就像“播放DVD”

  拉里·卡希尔与麦高一起研究“超级自传式记忆”,问各种问题测试欧文等人。

  “他们回答得即便不是百分之百正确,也是超过99%正确,我几乎放弃求证,因为他们总答对。”卡希尔说。

  麦高曾问这些人回答测试问题时“脑子在想什么”,他们回答,没想什么“就是知道(答案)”。

  演员亨纳说,回想过去某一天的事就像“播放D V D”,可以移到某个地方,让那天发生的事“浮现在眼前”。

  卡希尔使用功能性磁共振成像技术研究6名记忆超群者的大脑结构,发现他们大脑颞叶和尾状核区域较大。神经专家相信,颞叶与储存新记忆相关;尾状核位于大脑深处,与养成习惯和强迫症相关。

  接受功能性磁共振成像扫描的6人自认有某种形式强迫症或者爱收拾整理物品。亨纳说:“我喜欢这样摆鞋:右脚鞋朝这边,左脚鞋朝相反一边。”新华社特稿

  特写

  他们不是怪超人

  记忆力“太好”者如何看待自己的天赋?

  小提琴家欧文说:“我一些时候觉得自己会流利地讲一种别人不会的语言,一些时候觉得周围的人都得了健忘症。”

  来自威斯康星州的电台新闻主播布拉德·威廉姆斯为天生好记性自豪。他说,这个本事为他的工作添一臂之力,帮助他在知识竞赛中屡屡获胜。

  彼得雷拉说,他经常用好记性逗朋友们高兴,却因为记性太好,一些人认为他有自闭症。

  卡希尔说,这些人除记性好,其他方面与常人无异,不是“有超人能力却不会系鞋带的人”。

  麦高和卡希尔说,不清楚这些人异于常人的大脑结构是特殊记忆力的原因还是结果,两者关联好比“先有鸡还是先有蛋”。他们希望借助研究解开老年痴呆症和其他涉及记忆力疾病的谜团。

  America violinist Louise Owen.

  Bob Petrella said the Pittsburgh football game details.

  Rick Baron remembered having seen every movie details.

  If you ask a certain period of time in 1990 which days of rain, whether can onlymemory? American violinist Louise Owen can do it. She and several memory superiorguest to American Cbs Broadcasting Inc "60 minutes" TV show a good memory.

  A good memory

  Expert James Mcgo USA University of California Santa Erwin memory researchquestions to Erwin in the "60 minutes" program in January and February 1990: "the rain a few days, you can even a few days is to say?"

  Erwin replied: "in January 14th, and 15 days of light rain changing to cloudy. On the 27 day and 28 day weekend is very hot, no rain."

  Official weather records confirmed that Erwin answered correctly. Erwin said, she remembered 11 years after every day.

  British "Daily Mail" reported on 20, Hamish in America found 20 like Erwin a good memory "these people could remember you and I may not remember". He said that these people are "super autobiographical memory".

  In the "60 minutes" "good memory" guest, actor Marilu Henne remember to buy each pair of shoes the time, Rick Baron remembered seeing the details of every movie, TV producer Bob Petrella said the Pittsburgh Steelers game details.

  Like "playing DVD"

  Larry Cahill and McGaugh together on the "super autobiographical memory", ask a lot of questions test Erwin et al.

  "They answered if not one hundred percent correct, but also more than 99% correct, I almost gave up verification, because they are always right." Cahill said.

  Hamish asked these people answering test questions "think what", they replied,thinking of nothing "is to know (the answer)".

  Actor Henne said, looking back to the past one day things like "playing D V D", can be moved to a place, let what happened that day "appears in front of my eyes".

  The structure of the brain functional magnetic resonance imaging study using the Cahill 6 memory superior, find their cerebral temporal lobe and caudate putamen region larger. Experts believe the nerve, temporal lobe associated with the storage of new memories; caudate nucleus is located deep within the brain, and to develop the habits and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

  Accept 6 functional magnetic resonance imaging scans of self admission has some form of obsessive compulsive disorder or love tidy up items. Henne said: "I like thependulum shoes: the right shoe toward left toward the opposite side of the shoe."Xinhua news agency, feature

  Close up

  They are not to blame for the superman

  How memory is "too good" to view your gifts?

  The violinist Erwin said: "I sometimes feel speak a kind of others will not fluentlanguage, some feel the people around are got amnesia."

  From the Wisconsin radio news anchor Brad Williams as inherently good memoryproud. He said that the ability to add a hand to help him with his work, repeatedly won the competition in knowledge.

  Petrella said that he often use memory make friends happy, but because memory is too good, some people think he has autism.

  Cahill said, these people in addition to a good memory, like other aspects andordinary people, not the "superhuman abilities but not shoelaces people".

  Hamish and Cahill say not clear the brain structure of these people is different from ordinary people is the cause of special memory or results, the correlation between them is like a "chicken and egg". They hope that through the research to unravel theAlzheimer's and other diseases involving the mystery of memory.

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