世界上最矮的盆地_地理世界之最

编者:地理学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-05 10:35 最签:最矮 浏览:

世界上最矮的盆地是我国新疆吐鲁番盆地(英语:Turfan Depression,亦作Tu-lu-pan pen-ti或Turpan Pendi),大部分地面在海拔500米以下。是天山东部的一个山间盆地,位于天山山地东端。 吐鲁番

  世界上最矮的盆地是我国新疆吐鲁番盆地(英语:Turfan Depression,亦作T'u-lu-p'an p'en-ti或Turpan Pendi),大部分地面在海拔500米以下。是天山东部的一个山间盆地,位于天山山地东端。

  “吐鲁番”是维吾尔语“低地”的意思。它是一个典型的地堑盆地,也是中国地势最低和夏季气温最高的地方。20世纪80年代以来,通过营造防护林和加强灌溉管理,风沙已初步控制,生态环境有所改善。吐鲁番盆地是天山山脉东段南坡的山间断陷盆地。北为博格达山,南为库鲁克山,面积约20000平方千米。盆地中部低于海平面的约占4000平方千米,艾丁湖面-154米,湖底-161米。是中国大陆的最低处,盆地边缘群山环抱,最高的博格达峰终年积雪。

  西汉以来,吐鲁番盆地是中国西北部政治、经济、文化中心之一,又当交通要冲,拥有大量文物古迹。如吐鲁番的高昌故城、交河故城、柏孜克里克千佛洞、胜金口寺院遗址、雅尔湖石窟及苏公塔;鄯善的吐峪沟石窟;还有火焰山、艾丁湖等自然风光和坎儿井。

  

shijieshangzuiaidependi

 

  

shijieshangzuiaidependi

 

  

shijieshangzuiaidependi

 

  

shijieshangzuiaidependi

 

  

shijieshangzuiaidependi

 

  The world's smallest basin is China's Xinjiang Turpan basin (English: TurfanDepression, or T'u-lu-p'an p'en-ti or Turpan Pendi), most of the ground at an altitude of 500 meters. Is an intermontane basin is located in eastern Tianshan, Tianshan Mountains east.

  "Turpan" is the Uyghur "lowland" mean. It is a typical graben basin, is the lowest andthe highest temperature Chinese summer place. In twentieth Century 80 since, bycreating a shelterbelt and strengthen the management of irrigation, sand has primary control, ecological environment has improved. Turpan basin is the eastern section ofthe southern slope of Tianshan Mountains Intermountain faulted basin. North SouthBogda mountain, Kuru hill, an area of about 20000 square kilometers. In the central part of the basin below sea level about 4000 square kilometers, Lake Aydingkol Lake-154 meters, -161 meters. Is the lowest in mainland China, the edge of the basinsurrounded by mountains, the highest Bogda peak is covered with snow all the year.

  Since the Western Han Dynasty, Turpan basin is one of the Chinese northwest ofpolitical, economic and cultural center, and as a transportation hub, has a large number of cultural relics. Such as Turpan, Gucheng, the Gucheng Gaochang, Bai ZiCrick thousand Buddha cave, shengjinkou temple ruins, Yaer Lake grotto and Su Gong tower; Shanshan tuyugou Grottoes; and Flaming Mountains, Aydingkol lake and other natural scenery and karez.

(责任编辑:最有料)
顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%

@2013-2014 版权所有-最有料

辽ICP备14005232号-2

微信公众号

关注我们

腾讯微博 新浪微博 QQ空间

粉丝QQ群: