Antarctica (Antarctica) throughout for an average altitude of 2350 meters highplateau, is the world's highest altitude continents.
Located in the southern tip of the earth around Antarctica, surrounded by the PacificOcean to India, and the Atlantic, the edge of a belli, Gao Jinhai Ross sea, Amundsensea and Weddell sea. Including the mainland, Lu Yuanbing and the islands, the total area of 14051000 square km, accounting for about 9.4% of the world's total land area.
The Transantarctic Mountains in Antarctica the Antarctic continent is divided into two parts. East Antarctica, the area is larger, as an ancient shield and peneplain, trans Antarctic Mountains stretches to the edge of the shield; the West Antarctic area is small, a fold belt, composed of mountains, plateaus and basins. There is a subsidencezone between two part of things, extending from the Ross sea till the Weddell sea.
The continent, an average elevation of several thousand meters, the highest point inMarie Byrd land Vincent Hill 5140 meters above sea level. The mainland almost all covered by ice and snow, the average ice thickness of 1880 meters, the more than 4000 meters thick. There are many tall ice barrier and icebergs around the continentocean. The entire island is only 2% of land without permanent snow and ice coveredAntarctic ice, known as the "oasis", is the main habitat of the animal and plant. "Oasis" there are peaks, cliffs, lakes and volcanoes. The Antarctic continent has a total of two active volcanoes, it is to deceive the deception island volcano island and Ross islandon the mount Erebus volcano (also translated Ella Persian volcano). Deception islandvolcano in 1969 February eruption have been located there, make the scientific research station in an instant into the ashes, until now, people still have a lingering fear.(责任编辑：最有料)