世界上最长的海峡_地理世界之最

编者:地理学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-05 11:27 最签:最长 浏览:

莫桑比克海峡(Mozambique Channel,葡萄牙语作Canal de Mocambique)是西印度洋的一条水道,是世界上最长的海峡,位于非洲东南部国家莫桑比克与马达加斯加之间。 莫桑比克海峡全长1670公里

  莫桑比克海峡(Mozambique Channel,葡萄牙语作Canal de Mocambique)是西印度洋的一条水道,是世界上最长的海峡,位于非洲东南部国家莫桑比克与马达加斯加之间。

  

世界上最长的海峡

 

  莫桑比克海峡全长1670公里(一说1760公里),呈东北斜向西南走向。海峡两端宽中间窄,平均宽度为45 0公里,北端最宽处达到960公里,中部最窄处为386公里。峡内大部分水深在2000米以上,在北端与南端超过3000米,中部约2400米,最大深度超过3500米,深度仅次于德雷克海峡和巴士海峡。

  

世界上最长的海峡

 

  峡内海水表面年平均温度在20摄氏度以上,炎热多雨,夏季时有因气流交汇而产生的飓风。由于水深峡阔,巨型轮船可终年通航。海峡盛产龙虾、对虾和海参,并以其肉质鲜嫩肥美而享誉世界市场。有莫桑比克暖流南下,气候湿热。多珊瑚礁。赞比西河从西岸注入。南大西洋同印度洋间航运要道。两岸有贝拉、马普托、马任加等港口。

  

世界上最长的海峡

 

  莫桑比克海峡是从南大西洋到印度洋的海上交通要道,波斯湾的石油有很大一部分要通过这里运往欧洲、北美,战略地位十分重要。

  The Mozambique Strait (Mozambique Channel, Canal de Mocambique in Portuguese)is a waterway in the west of India ocean, is the world's longest Strait, located betweenMozambique and Madagascar Africa Southeast countries.

  The world's longest Strait

  The Mozambique Strait is full-length 1670 kilometers (say 1760 km), was inclinedtoward the southwest northeast. The channel ends middle narrow width, the averagewidth of 450 km, the northern end of the widest point reached 960 kilometers, the middle for 386 kilometers narrowest. Gap in most water depth of 2000 meters, Northand South in the middle of more than 3000 meters, about 2400 meters, the maximumdepth of more than 3500 meters, depth second only to Drake Strait and the Bashi channel.

  The world's longest Strait

  Gap in the surface seawater annual average temperature of 20 degrees Celsius, hot and rainy in summer, when there are caused by the airflow intersection of thehurricane. The depth of gap width, the giant ship but is navigable all year round. Rich lobster, shrimp and sea cucumber Strait, and its tender meat plump and enjoys a high reputation in the world market. Mozambique warm current South, the hot and humid climate. Many coral reef. Zambezi River from the West Bank injection. South the Atlantic with India ocean shipping routes. The two sides have Bella, Maputo, Ma Renjia and other ports.

  The world's longest Strait

  The Mozambique Strait sea transport routes from southern the Atlantic to India ocean,the Persian Gulf oil has a large part to pass through here to Europe, North America,strategic position is very important.

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