世界最早的物候记录_中国世界之最

编者:地理学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-15 13:49 最签:最早 浏览:

世界最早的物候历是《逸周书》书中比较完全地记述了我国以物来表示气候经 历的情况。如生物物候有鸿雁来,寒蝉鸣、蚯蚓出、桃始华、萍始 生、禾乃登,非生物物候有水始冰、雷乃

  世界最早的物候历是《逸周书》书中比较完全地记述了我国以物来表示气候经 历的情况。如生物物候有鸿雁来,寒蝉鸣、蚯蚓出、桃始华、萍始 生、禾乃登,非生物物候有水始冰、雷乃发声、土润溽暑等。全 年24气,72候的情况都有所表示。The world's earliest phenological calendar is "yizhoushu" book more completely in China was recorded in to that climate experience situation. Such as biologicalphenology has Hongyan, chilling sound, earthworm out, Tao Shihua, Ping, born He Naideng, abiotic phenological water was ice, mine is audible, soil moist Rushu etc.. Allyear 24 gas, 72 climate situation has said.

  此书距今已约3000年,是世界最早的物候历。《逸周书》,原名《周书》,在性质上与《尚书》类似,是我国古代历史文献汇编,今本全书十卷,正文七十篇,其中十一篇有目无文,四十二篇有晋五经博士孔晁注。各篇篇名均赘“解”字。The book has been since about 3000, is the world's earliest phenological calendar."Yizhoushu", formerly known as "Book Week", similar to "Shang Shu" in nature, is theancient history of China literature compilation, this book consists of ten volumes,seventy chapters, eleven of which have no paper, forty-two Jin five Dr. Kong Chaoinjection. The article title "solution" were superfluous words.

  又序一篇,各本或在卷端,或附卷尾。序与《尚书》序相类,分言各篇之所由作。正文基本上按所记事之时代早晚编次,历记周文王,周武王,周公,成王,康王,穆王,厉王及景王时事。世界最早的物候记录是诗经《诗经》中的物候记录,《翔风.七月》有“四月秀功蔓”, “五月鸣蜩”,“六月莎鸱振羽”,“十月蟋蟀入我床下”。And order a, all the volume or in the end, or the tail of the volume. "Shangshu" order of sequence and similar words, divided the article by as. The text is basicallyaccording to the time the record sooner or later edit, calendar notes of King Wen of Zhou, King Wu of Zhou, the Duke of Zhou, king, Silla, King Mu Li Jing Wang, andcurrent events. Phenological recording the world is one of the earliest of the book of songs "the book of songs" phenological records in July, "Xiang Feng." "April showpower tendril", "Ming cicada," June May "Sha Zhen Yu," Owl "October cricket into mybed".

  记录了西周初年的物候情况。距今约3000年,是世界最早的物候记录。世界现存最早的物候实察记录是庚子.辛丑日记《庚子.辛丑日记》中的物候实测记录。它记载了1180年 (淳熙七年)农历正月初一至1181年(淳熙八年)农历7月28 日,录者观察到的物候情况。主要内容有惜悔、撄桃、杏树、桃 树、紫荆、李树、海棠、梨埘、祷薇、蜀葵、萱草、莲藕, 蓉、菊花等20多种植物开花的时间,以及首次听到春禽和秋虫鸣叫的月日等。The situation of the Western Zhou Dynasty's phenological records. About 3000 years ago, is the world's earliest phenological records. The world the earliest extantphenological field record is a boxer. Diaries "Boxer. Phenology observed records indiaries". It was recorded in 1180 (Chun Xi seven years) to 1181 (lunar new year Chun Xi eight years) lunar July 28th, phenological conditions observed record. The main content is to cherish regret, peach, apricot, peach tree Ying, Bauhinia, Li Shu,Begonia, pear hencoop, prayer Wei, hollyhocks, day lily, lotus root, Rong,chrysanthemum and other 20 kinds of plant flowering time, and for the first time to hear the spring and autumn insects chirping bird March etc..

  此记录距今已1800余年,是世界现存最早的物候实察记录。世界最早的物候实察记录者是吕祖谦吕祖谦,宇伯录,号吕伯恭、东莱先生,浙江婺州(今金华)人。1137年生,1181年卒,南宋哲学家、文学家,著名的理学大家之一。曾出任著作郎,国史院编修等官。治学上主张经史致用,反对空谈阔论,著作有《十七史详节》《东莱博议》 《东莱集》,《东莱左传博议》、《吕氏家塾读书记》、《庚子 .辛丑日记》。在日记中,他记录了实际观察到的物候。是世界最早的物候实察记录者。This record has been more than 1800 years, is the world's earliest extant phenologicalobservation records. The world's earliest phenological observation record is Lv ZuqianLv Zuqian, Yu Bo recorded, No. Lv Bogong, Donglai president, Zhejiang Wuzhou (this Jinhua) people. Born in 1137, died 1181, the Southern Song Dynasty philosopher and writer, one of the famous science. Has served as composer, national history courtyardediting officer. Research on history to advocate use, against talk opined, works include "Seventeen history details" "East lab discussion" "Donglai set", "Donglai ZuoBo Yee", "Lu private school in mind", "the Geng Zi Diaries". In his diary, he recorded the actual observed phenology. Is the world's earliest phenological observationrecord.

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